In this course we will discuss a huge problem on the Internet: The spread of malware.
The number of cyber attacks has increased again in 2020. New forms of malware have evolved, even more disruptive and more damaging.
We will cover different types of malware, such as, viruses, worms, and trojans, talk about botnets and ransomware, and mention some countermeasures.

自二月 24, 2021起开始自学
语言: English
Advanced, Beginner, Cybersecurity, Internet


In this course, Prof. Meinel and the teaching team aim to raise awareness for malware cyber threats. Botnets, worms, trojans, and spyware are the most common types of malware. But with every newly discovered malware, there is already a new, more sophisticated one on the market. Antivirus programs lag behind the rapid development of new malware.

Participants get to know the most common types of malware. They learn how they work and which effects they can have on your personal data. Prominent examples will show how cyber attacks can harm not only your personal data but also whole businesses. After knowing about the risks, we want to discuss with you how to avoid such an attack. Which protective measures can be implemented quickly? We should not forget: Many leaks are caused by the human factor.

Join our online learning community!

Take the cybersec exam and get a qualified certificate!

This course content is part of the cybersecurity series on openHPI. The series consists of three courses and ends with the Cybersecurity exam. By the Cybersecurity exam, you have the chance to receive a free record of achievement or a qualified certificate. Therefore, please attend the three courses Confidential Communication in the Internet, Digital Identities, and Cyberthreats: Malware and finish them with a confirmation of participation. This allows you to register for the cybersecurity exam which covers questions from all three courses. The Cybersecurity exam will be offered again in the future.


  • Introduction into the Internet as Attack-Target
  • General Differentiation and Introduction into Malware
  • "Reasons" for Malware
    • Technical Failures
    • Human Failures
  • Different Kinds of Malware
    • How does a malware spread? Virus, Worm, Trojan
    • Different kinds of Malware: Ransomware, Keylogger, Scareware
    • Prominent Examples of Malware: Emotet, Caberp
  • Protective Measures against Malware

Required skills:

  • General IT knowledge

Course level:

  • Basics

Target group:

  • Everyone who uses the internet a lot and is potentially vulnerable against attacks by malware.


该课程是免费的。 只需在openHPI上注册一个帐户并参加课程!


Course End
2月 24 2021
Course Start
2月 10 2021




  • 课程证书 授予者需要至少取得课程总分的百分之 50%
  • 参与证明 授予者需要至少学习了所有课程资料的百分之 80%



Prof. Dr. Christoph Meinel

克里斯托弗·梅内尔教授是德国波茨坦哈索·普拉特纳研究院(HPI)院长。他是德国国家科学工程院 (acatech) 院士、计算机科学领域正教授(C4)并负责领导HPI互联网技术和系统研究组。他的主要研究领域包括未来网络技术,特别是信息安全和Web 3.0之语义网,以及社交和服务网。同时他也积极参与新型互联网应用的建设,专注于电子教育、远程教育和远程医疗领域。此外他也活跃在“设计思维(Design Thinking)”这个新的研究领域。他早期的研究工作主要集中于计算机科学领域的基础理论研究,如计算复杂度、基于有序二叉判定图的高效算法和数据结构设计。

克里斯托弗·梅内尔教授同时在IT系统工程领域和HPI设计思维学院面向本科生和硕士生授课。他是北京工业大学计算机科学学院名誉教授,是上海大学客座教授,也是卢森堡大学跨学科中心SnT(安全和信任中心)资深研究员。从2008年以来,他和斯坦福大学的拉里·莱弗教授(Prof. Larry Leifer)一起建立HPI-Stanford设计思维研究项目并担任组长。自2010年起,他执掌HPI 高性能计算实验室(Future SOC Lab)督导委员会。

克里斯托弗·梅内尔教授撰写或合著了10本图书和4本选集,同时也是众多会议论文集的编辑。他在高质量期刊和会议上共发表了超过400篇文章。他所拥有的高安全解决方案Lock-Keeper 国际专利已被西门子公司转为商用。他的新型移动课程录制和网络发布系统Tele-TASK 已被世界上多所大学和研究机构采用。他的针对互联网安全的虚拟tele-lab为互联网信息安全这个现实问题提供了获取实验数据的可能。最近开发的tele-board系统实现了创意团队的远程工作的支持。

克里斯托弗·梅内尔教授现任德国IPv6委员会主席、南非UTD Meraka 顾问委员会会长和SAP安全顾问委员会会员。在2006年他与哈索·普拉特纳教授(Prof. Hasso Plattner)一起主持了德国联邦总理安杰拉·默克尔博士(Dr. Angela Merkel)的德国首届“信息技术峰会”。他是特里尔大学通讯技术研究所的创始人,并于1998~2002年间担任该研究所所长。此外,克里斯托弗·梅内尔教授还担任一系列电子学术期刊的主编。